Even though the ELD mandate has been around for a while in the U.S., there’s still a good amount of confusion on when drivers can use Personal Conveyance (PC) and Yard Move (YM) duty statuses. In this blog, we explain the what, when, why, and how drivers can use these special duty statuses.
What are Yard Move and Personal Conveyance, and when can I use them?
Simply put, they’re both duty statuses designed to keep driving time off your log, even though you’re operating the truck. Yard move is an on-duty status that is to be used when moving a truck around the yard, without actually eating away at the driver’s drive time in any of their cycles. In DriveELD’s app, there’s no limit to Yard Move usage, and it makes sure the driver isn’t kicked into driving mode when they move above 5 mph.
Personal Conveyance is to be used as an off-duty status. Generally speaking, the ruling says this is to be used when a driver is using the truck for his or her own personal use (like running an errand), without any commercial property in the truck, and with the trailer detached. If all three of these requirements aren’t met when using PC, some officers may write a the driver a ticket. If the driver is using a box truck, the back must be entirely empty. There is no limit to how much personal conveyance a driver can use, as long as it’s actual personal conveyance time. This is very helpful to those hotshot drivers who use their light/medium duty trucks as their own personal vehicles when they’re not on the clock.
Why should I use either of these special duty statuses?
Both of these statuses are technically “driving” on a driver’s log, but neither actually digs into the driver’s driving time in their HOS cycle. They are partially there to make sure there aren’t odometer jumps on the driver’s logs which can raise some red flags for officers when inspecting logs. However, it’s wise to refrain from using either too much or for too long, if at all possible, because that can also raise some eyebrows and lead to questioning when inspectors are looking at a driver’s log (roadside or safety inspection).
How do I use them with DriveELD?
First, you’ll want to make sure that your carrier has enabled YM and PC on your driver account, as that is how you’ll be able to access the duty statuses when you’re using the app on your phone or tablet. Below is a picture of how your carrier can do that for you.
Next, all you need to do is go into the DriveELD mobile app and choose which duty status you want to use. It’s important to note that you make sure you’re keeping tabs on when you’re using these duty statuses and switching away from them whenever you’re done using them. Like was previously mentioned, many officers keep an eye out for people who use either of these statuses what looks like too much and will ticket people if they think they were using them when they shouldn’t have been. Additionally, sometimes there are rules in place that keep drivers from editing past PC and YM events, so make sure you always switch out of them when you’re done in that duty status.